Economy

Agriculture

Cotton is the most important cash crop with the largest area under cultivation, followed by sorghum. Within the district, Washim taluka has the largest area under cotton cultivation. Washim is the largest producer of sorghum along with Malegaon and Mangarulpir. Risod, Washim and Manora talukas are also wheat producers. Green Chickpea is also cultivated on a large scale in Mangarulpir.

Total arable land (Ha) 401,000
Rain-fed land (Ha) 284,000
Irrigated land (Ha) 117,000

The Main crops are Soyabean (more than 50%), Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Tur, Pulses etc. Other crops include sugarcane, oranges and betel leaf. Washim, Risod and Karanja have orange orchards. Mango Banana, Grape, Mosambi, Orange, Custard apple, Guava and Phalsa are the fruits cultivated within the district of Washim. The area under cultivation of sugarcane is also growing in the district. About 87 % areas are under Kharif crops, and only 12.7 % of land is under Rabbi Crops.

Season Main crops
Kharif Cotton, Sorghum, Red Gram, Green Gram, Black Gram, Groundnut, Rice
Rabi Wheat, Green Chickpea, Flaxseed, Safflower

There are market committees at Karanja Lad, Malegaon, Magrulpeer, Manora, Risod and Washim for Cotton, Jowar, Urid, Tur, Mung, Wheat, Soyabean, Bajra, Harbara, Sesame and sunflower.

Industry

The district being a producer of cotton, industrial activity is largely cotton-based, like the handloom industry which dates back to ancient times. In Mangarulpir, the cloth industry uses hand spun thread to make Khadi. The only sugar factory in the district, ShriBalaji Cooperative Sugar Factory, is situated at Masalpen in Risod. There is a chemical fertilizer factory in Washim. Dhanaj in Karanja has a domestic LPG gas filling unit.

Almost every taluka in the district has ginning and pressing mills. Other industries include leather goods, toys and other products from wood, nylon rope, silk thread production, dal mills and oil mills. Agriculture is the main activity in this region. Some of the main crops that are grown in this very place include Jowar, Cotton, Bajra, Wheat, Rice, Tur and Mango.Cotton, automobile parts have the most exportable potential.

Types of Governance Structures

Name of Sub-division Name of Taluka in Sub-division
Ahmednagar Ahmednagar, Parner, Shevgaon, Pathardi
Karjat Karjat, Shrigonda, Jamkhed
Shrirampur Shrirampur, Newasa, Rahuri, Rahata
Sangamner Sangamner, Kopergaon, Akole

Types of Governance Structures

S. No. Head Unit Particulars
1 Registered Industrial Units Number 1279
2 Total Industrial Unit Number 1279
3 Registered Medium and Large Units Number 04
4 Estimated Avg No of daily Workers employed in small scale industries Number 4213
5 Employment in large and medium industries Number 478
6 No of industrial areas Number 05
7 Turnover of small scale industries Number in lakhs 3172
7 Turnover of small scale industries Number in lakhs 3172
8 Turnover of medium and large scale industries Number in lakhs 1132

Forest

Most of the district is either hilly and flat and covered by forest. Forests can be found in some parts of Malegaon, Washim, Mangarulpir and Manora talukas. Forests have trees of species like teak, Ain (Terminalia alata), Khair (Acacia catechu) and Anjan (Hardwickia binata), animals like deer, blue antelope, leopard and monkeys and bird species like peacocks and wild fowl. Some parts of the district have sparse forests of Babhul (Acacia nilotica).

The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", prakrut form of this is "Umbravati" and "Amravati" is known for many centuries with this name.

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