Jalna district is approximately situated at the centre part of Maharashtra state  and in northern direction of Marathwada region. It was formerly a part of Nizam State and after the Marathwada Mukti Sangram, became part of India, as a tahsil of Aurangabad district. Jalna is well known for its hybrid seed industries, steel re-rolling mills, Bidi industry & Agro based industries like Dal mill. The district is also known for the highest production of Mosambi (sweet lime) in the state. Jalna has a dry climate with acute summers and winters. Temperature variations are significant. The district lies between Latitude 1901 to 2003 North and Longitude 7504 to 7604 East.


Jalna district is situated in the upper Godavari Basin. The central hill range known as Jalna Hill is an upland, plateau and is drained by Purna River and its tributaries. Southern portion is comparatively low land, flat area terminating at Bank of Godavari River in the South. District slopes towards south and average elevation above sea level is 534 m. It is surrounded by Jalgaon district in the north, Aurangabad district in the west, Buldhana and Parbhani districts in the East and Beed district in the south. 

  • Jalgaon district on the North
  • Beed district on the South.
  • Aurangabad district on the West.
  • Buldhana and Parbhani districts on the East.

Rivers and Dams

The district has the Ajinthya ranges to its northwest. The remaining area is primarily flat. Godavari River runs along the southern border. Its tributary, Galhati, also runs through the district. The Dudhana River, with its tributaries Kundalika and Kalyan, is the other main river in the district. The Purna River along with its tributaries Dhamna, Jui, Khelna, Girja, Jeevrekha also flows through the district.

Jeevrekha in Jaffarabad taluka, Galhati in Ambad taluka, Jui and Dhamna in Bhokardan taluka, Dudhana, Kalyan, Peer Kalyan and Kalyan Girja in Jalna taluka are the important dams in the district.

Tourist Places

The history of Jalna is inextricably linked to the history of Marathwada. The Marathas seized Jalna from the Nizams. However, in the war of Asai in Jaffarabad taluka in the year 1803, the Marathas had to hand it over it to the British. The city of Jalna, situated on the banks of the River Kundalika, is an ancient city. There is evidence of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj visiting the town of Jalna.

Prior to India's independence, Jalna was part of the princely State of Hyderabad under the Nizam. Subsequently, in the Marathwada freedom struggle (Mukti Sangram) the residents of Jalna played a major role. Noted freedom fighter Shri Janardan (Mama) Nagpurkar laid down his life in this struggle. The martyr's statue has been erected at Mama Chowk in the town of Jalna in his honour. Up until 1982, Jalna was part of Aurangabad district. It became an independent district on 1st May 1982 after the restructuring of the Aurangabad and Parbhani districts.

Matsodari Devi Temple

The temple is built on a hill and is located at Ambad which is 21kms away from Jalna city. It is known by this name because of the shape of a fish called matsya. It is one of the oldest temples in the district. A large fair is held at the temple on the occasion of Navratri.

Shree Ganesh of Rajur

The temple is situated 25 kms away from Jalna city to the North. Considered to be one of the principal altars of Lord Ganesh and having a self-primed deity, the temple attracts a lot of pilgrims on every Angarki Chaturthi (the Tuesday which falls on the fourth day of the second half of the lunar month). Historical references indicate that Chimaji Appa (the younger brother of Bajirao Peshwa) gifted 108 NandaDeep (lamps that are supposed to burn continuously) to the temple.

Statue of martyr Janardan Mama

Janardan mama fought bravely against the Razakars in Marathwada's freedom struggle. His statue stands in the centre of Jalna City. The Anand Swami Math, Moti Talav, Moti Baug are other popular destinations in Jalna.

Jamb Samarth, Gansawangi

Jamb Samarth is the Swami Ramdas Samarth's birth place. A largely attended annual fair held at the Ram temple On Ram Navami. This Ram temple is situated in Sant Ramdas swami's home. The Samrtha temple is built in the meory of Sant Ramdas swami. 

Moti Baug

Sambhaji Udyan popular by 'Moti Bag' is one of the attraction of Jalna city. It has a beautiful garden with colourful flowers, play articles & mini train for children. A beautiful beach on the Moti Talav and the colourful musical fountain are the main attractions of the garden.

Guru Ganesh Bhavan

It is an important holy place of Jain peoples in Jalna City. Guru Ganesh is also known as Karnatak Kesari. The Guashala here is largest in Marathwada region.

The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", prakrut form of this is "Umbravati" and "Amravati" is known for many centuries with this name.

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