Buldhana is a district in the Amravati division of Maharashtra State in Western India. It is situated at the far western border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The name of the district is derived probably from Bhil Thana (place of Bhils, a tribal group). Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Buldhana district lies between 19°51' to 21°17' North latitude and 75°57' to 76°49' East Longitude.


Buldhana is bound on the north by Madhya Pradesh state, to the east by Akola and Washim districts, to the south by Parbhani and Jalna districts, and to the west by Jalna and Jalgaon districts. The district is bound by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west. Buldhana is religiously important as the site of the Shri Gajanan Maharaj temple, at Shegaon.

  • Madhya Pradesh on the North.
  • Aurangabad and Jalgaon districts on the West.
  • Parbhani and Jalna districts on the South.
  • Akola and Washim districts on the East.

Rivers and Dams

The two principal rivers of the district are Painganga and Purna. The other important river are the khandakpurna, Nalganga, Vishwaganga, Gyanganga and Banganga. The principal tributaries of purna are Nalganga, Vishwaganga and Gyanganga from the south. The northern part of the district lies in the basin of River Purna and is called the Payanghat while the southern part of the district lies in the basin of the River Painganga River and is called the Balaghat.

The Nalganga dam at Shelapur, the Dnyanganga dam near Gerumatargaon, the Koradinala dam and Man dam are the main dams in the district. There are several small and medium scale irrigation dams in the district. New projects are underway in the Nandura, Sangrampur and Mehekar talukas over the Khadakpurna, Man, Painganga and Purna Rivers.

Tourist Places

Lonar Lake

Buldhana is known to many for this natural lake in the crater formed by an asteroid that hit the Earth about 50,000 years back. Mentioned in the Padma and Skanda Purana, this lake is the second largest naturally formed lake in the world and the third largest salt-water lake. The lake has an average diameter of 1,710 m, average rim height of 40 m and depth of 230-245 m. Its circumference is 7 km. The asteroid that created this lake is estimated to have weighed 200,000 ton and was 60 m long. The asteroid is said to have been broken into three pieces causing three craters to be formed. The other two lakes, namely Ganesh and Ambar have dried out over period. A British officer by the name of C. J. E. Alexander is known to have discovered this lake in the year 1823 even while references to this lake have been found in the old literary texts Skanda Purana, Padma Purana, and Ein-E-Akbari. Historical literature refers to this lake as Viraj Tirth or Berej Tirth. In the vicinity of this lake are various temples like the Vishnu Temple built in the Hemadpanthi style. The Gomukh Temple here is also spectacular. In all, fourteen temples built by various rulers over the years can be seen here. The oldest temple is said to be about 1,300 years old. The Purana states that Lord Vishnu killed the demon Lavanasur here. It is conjectured that the place and the lake may have borrowed the name Lonar from this episode. One of the temples also depicts through sculptures the formation of the Lonar Lake.

The Lake is surrounded by thick forests with a rich biodiversity and has various birds, monkeys, snakes, lizards, mongoose, fox and deer. The crater is home to hundreds of Peafowl, Chinkara and Gazelles, which brows amongst the shrubs and bushes ringing the lake. Other residents include Egret, Moorhen, Heron, Coot, White-necked Stork, Lapwing, Grey Wagtail, Grebe, Balck Drongo, Green Bee-eater, Tailorbird, Magpie and Robin as well as numerous species of migratory birds tha often visit the place.

The nearest airport to the Lonar Lake is Aurangabad (122 km). Malkapur, on the Mumbai-Bhusaval route is the nearest railway station. The Jalna railway station also is merely 10 km from Lonar. Buses to Lonar also ply from Mumbai, Malkapur, Khamgaon, Aurangabad, Ajanta, Buldhana and Jalgaon.

Tourist Places Hiwara Ashram, Swami Vivekanada Ashram. 4. Home to the Sant Gajanan Maharaj. (Shegaon) 5. Sailani Baba Dargah. (Chikhali) 6. The world's biggest Hanuman idol of 105 feet . (Nandura) 7.Famous Balaji Temple. (Mehkar)
National Highway National Highway 6 - NH6 passes through Khamgaon, Nandura, and Malkapur towns in the district.


Jijabai, the great Maratha emperor Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's mother was born in Sindkhed Raja village in the district. There is also a mausoleum in honour of Lakhaji Jadhav, Rajmata Jijau's father. Ancient temples of Mahadeo, Neelkantheshwar and Rameshwar can also be seen here.


It is famous for the Samadhi of Shri Gajanan Maharaj who made his divine appearance in the year 1878. He attained samadhi on Bhadrapad Shukla Panchmi 08-09-1910. Shegaon is known as the Pandharpur of Vidharbha. Shegaon is well connected by rail and road making is easier for people to visit. Several charitable institutions provide lodging and boarding to accommodate the huge number of devotees that throng here from all over the country.

Hanuman statue:

A 105 feet statue of Lord Hanuman is one of the key attractions of the district. The statue is located in Nandura town.

Gauri Shankar temple in Malkapur, Nrusinha and Vishnu temples in Mehkar, Balaji temple in Deulgaon-Raja, Buddha Vihar in Khamgaon taluka, dargah of Sailani Baba, Shri Renuka Mata temple in Chikhli are some of the important places of worship in the district. The hill stations of Bhingar and Ambabarva, situated in the Gawilgarh Mountains, are also popular destinations.

The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", prakrut form of this is "Umbravati" and "Amravati" is known for many centuries with this name.

About Project

Get in touch

  • Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation Ltd
    Nepean Sea Road, Priyadarshini Park,
    Mumbai 400 036, Maharashtra, India.
  • 91 22 23685909,
    91 22 26517900,
    Fax: 91 22 26417893.
  • info@msrdc.org