About District

Aurangabad District is a part of Marathwada region in Maharashtra. The district covers an area of 10,100 km², out of which 141.1 km² is urban area and 9,958.9 km² is rural. Aurangabad district is a major tourism region in Marathwada. Important cities in the district are Aurangabad, Sillod, Gangapur, Paithan, Kannad, Vaijapur, Phulambri, Khuldabad and Soegaon. The district is situated in the north central part of Maharashta between North Latitude 19° 15' to 20° 40 and East Longitude 74° 37' and 75° 52'.

Topography

The district comprises of varied topographic features and landscapes consisting of high hills and plains and low lying hills. Most of the hill ranges are located in the northern part of the district. The Satmala hills and Ajanta hills extend from east to west. The hills near Verul in Khuldabad taluka are part of these ranges which extend to Chawaka ranges and Aurangabad hills. The Satmala range encompasses several hills overlooking the Tapi Valley. The district is a part of Deccan Plateau. In general, the slopes in the district are towards south and southeast. The average elevation of the district is in the order of 500 m. Within the same there are flat topped hill ranges extending over wide area and hills separated by broad valleys.

Roughly triangular, the southern side of the district corresponds to the Godavari and the northern side to the northeast trending arm of the Ajanta ranges. With an extreme east to west distance of nearly 175 kilometers, this district is bound by Jalgaon district on the north, Buldhana and Parbhani districts on the east, Beed and Ahmadnagar districts on the south and Nasik district on the west.

  • Jalgaon district to the North.
  • Buldhana and Parbhani districts on the East.
  • Beed and Ahmadnagar districts on the South.
  • Nasik district on the West.

Rivers and Dams

The major rivers in Aurangabad district are the Godavari, Purna, Shivana, Maniyad, Sukhana, Kham, and the famous Shahbaz river.

The Narangi rises on the southern slopes of the water divide to the south of the Maniyad River, a little above Naral village, and flows past Vaijapur. Below the latter it is joined by the Deo nullah, flowing from Nasik district. It has a fairly long south-southwesterly course before its point of entry into the Godavari is carried a little down the latter. It is joined by the Chor nullah from the west and Kurla nullah from the east. Actually the Narangi continues the trend of the Kurla River after the latter's confluence.

Jayakwadi project is one of the largest earthen dams in Asia. It is a multi-purpose project on the river Godavari in Jayakwadi village of Paithan taluka. The water is mainly used to irrigate the drought prone Marathwada region. It also provides water for drinking and industrial usage to nearby towns and villages and to the municipalities and industrial areas of Aurangabad and Jalna districts. The surrounding area of the dam has a garden and a bird sanctuary.

Tourist Places

There are many tourist destinations in and around Aurangabad. Apart from many holy places, there are places of fascinating sculptures. Aurangabad, Ajanta and Ellora (locally known as Verul), Daulatabad and Paithan are few of these destinations.

Bibi–ka-Makbara

This mausoleum is situated in Aurangabad city. It was built in the memory of Begum Rabia Durani, wife of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. This is also known as the Chota Taj (Small Taj).

Ghrushneshwar Temple

It is one of the twelve Jyotirlings is located on the banks of the Yelganga River at Ellora. This temple was restored by Ahilyabai Holkar.

Buddhist caves:

Spread across the districts of Aurangabad and Jalgaon districts, close to Kannad taluka is the. The area is southern tropical dry deciduous forest with interspersed bush and grasslands.

Ellora caves:

The llora caves in Khuldabad taluka are world famous. The 8th Century ruler King Krishna the first from the Rashtrakut dynasty is believed to have built these caves. The Kailas cave temple here is also world-renowned.

Patna Devi:

It is an ancient temple inside the Gautala sanctuary. The temple is dedicated to Parvati and attracts thousands of devotees especially during Navratra and Chaitra festivals. The temple is under the protection of the Archeological Survey of India.

Antur Fort::

It is another important monument near the Gautala sanctuary. Situated at a height of 2,700 feet, it was built by the Marathas in 15th century. It is noted for its fortification remains, doorways and a dargah with an arched structure. It also carries a carved inscription dating back to the period of Nizamshah.

Daulatabd Fort:

The historic fort built by the Yadavas and earlier known as Devagiri is at Daulatabad. During the kingship of King Ramadevaraya, Allauddin Khilji invaded the fort and brought about the downfall of the Yadava dynasty. Mohammed Tughalak moved his capital here from Delhi for a few months and renamed the fort Daulatabad. The fort has heavy fortifications and moats all around. Close to Daulatabad, at Khuldabad is the mausoleum of Emperor Aurangzeb.

Ajanta Caves:

About 100 km from Aurangabad, in Soygaon taluka are the world famous Ajanta caves. These 30 caves, famous for their wall paintings, were built in the period between B.C. 200 and 650 A.D. These Buddhist caves have temples and dwellings and depict many incidents from the life of Gautama Buddha and stories from the Buddhist Jataka tales. A British colonial officer, Mr. Smith, discovered them in 1819

Gautala Autramghat Sanctuary:

It houses a variety of wildlife including chinkara, nilgai, sloth bears, jungle cat, wanderoo, leopard cat, brown palm civet, barking, hare, leopard, fox, jackal, bats, wild boar, gray langur, wolf and wild dog. 240 bird species have been observed in and around the sanctuary, among them are cranes, spoonbills, storks, ibis, pochards, peafowl, quail, partridges, and various species of wading birds. Snakes include the cobra, common krait, and rat snake. Trees include teak, anjan, oil cake tree, sandalwood, bel, awla, bhallatak, and mohav.

Aurangabad, Kannad, Chalisgaon state Highway passes through this sanctuary. The sanctuary presents a picturesque panoramic view. There are places like Chitalkhora caves, temples, lakes and sparkling waterfalls which attracts the people towards it. Kedarkund, Sita Khori and Mahadeo Taka-Dhawal Teerth are some waterspot inside the sanctuary.

Panchakki (Water mill):

A 17th century watermill considered an engineering marvel, is located in Aurangabad. Comprising of the Medieval Indian Architecture, the water mill runs on scientific principles. Setup with an aim to generate electricity from water brought down from a spring, the Panchakki water-mill was used to grind grains for the pilgrims, disciples of saints and troops in the early 17th century. he source of continuous water supply to the mill is an underground stream which begins from a well above the Harsul River with a tributary stream. The water on reaching the Panchakki reservoir is made to drop from a height to generate electricity and run the mill, and eventually the excess water is put in the Kham River. 

Pitalkhora:

Pitalkhora or 'Brazen Glen' is located Bharmarwadi village in the district. These caves at Pitalkhora in Kannad taluka are considered most primeval in India and are at a distance of nearly 40 km from Ellora caves. Since the caves are located high up on the hill, one has to climb steep steps to access these 14 Buddhist excavations, mostly monasteries. The stream is usually full of water during monsoon.

Paithan:

It is situated on the banks of Godavari and is a historical and holy place. It is also regarded as the Kashi of the South (Dakshin Kashi - Kashi is an important holy pilgrimage city in North India). Once upon a time Paithan, which was a kingdom of the Satvahan dynasty, was known as Pratishthana. This taluka is also the birthplace of many saints and philosophers of Maharashtra. Saint Dnyaneshwar was born in Apegaon village in 1275. Folklore has it that Saint Dnyaneshwar made a bull recite the Vedas at this place. Saint Eknath, the founder of the Bhagwat sect, was born at Paithan in 1504. Saint Eknath reached out to the masses through Bharud and Abhangas. His shrine is also said to be here. The beautifully designed Dnyaneshwar garden has been developed on the lines of the Vrindavan Gardens at Mysore and the Shalimar Gardens at Kashmir.

The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", prakrut form of this is "Umbravati" and "Amravati" is known for many centuries with this name.

About Project

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  • Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation Ltd
    Nepean Sea Road, Priyadarshini Park,
    Mumbai 400 036, Maharashtra, India.
  • 91 22 23685909,
    91 22 26517900,
    Fax: 91 22 26417893.
  • info@msrdc.org